Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) begins in childhood and generally persists through adulthood. The disorder occurs in 5% of children and 2.5% of adults and impacts functioning across multiple situations. ADHD is a persistent pattern of inattentive and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with an individual's functioning or development.
Inattention is demonstrated as wandering off task, lacking persistence, difficulty maintaining focus and/or effort on tasks or activities, and disorganization.
Autistic Spectrum Disorders occur in approximately 1% of the population. The characteristics related to these disorders are present from early childhood and negatively impact the child's or adult's everyday functioning. Autistic spectrum disorders are characterized by deficits in social communication and social interactions across multiple settings; and individuals demonstrate or engage in restricted, repetitive behaviors, interests, or activities. Individuals may also display motor deficits, which could be characterized by an odd gait, clumsiness, walking on tiptoes, etc. Self-injurious behaviors such as head banging or biting on self are not unusual aspects.
A traumatic event is usually defined as any type of event that causes an individual to react with intense fear or shock. The event can be life changing and can cause lasting psychological, physical, and emotional harm. Events that qualify as being traumatic in nature include the following: